Cannabidiol (CBD)- What We Know And What Not

Cannabidiol (CBD) has recently been covered in the media, and you may have even seen it add to your post-workout shake or morning coffee. What exactly is CBD? Why has it suddenly become so popular?

How is cannabidiol different from marijuana?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most widely used active ingredient in hemp (marijuana). While CBD is an essential ingredient in medical marijuana, it comes directly from the cannabis plant, which is the cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is an ingredient in marijuana (one in hundreds), it doesn’t get you high by itself. According to a report from the World Health Organization: „In humans, CBD has no effects indicative of potential abuse or dependence…. So far, there is no evidence of public health problems associated with the use of pure CBD. „

Is cannabidiol legal?

CBD is readily available in most parts of the United States, although its exact legal status varies. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restrictions, and while the federal government still considers CBD to be the same class as marijuana, it usually doesn’t enforce it. In December 2015, the FDA relaxed the regulatory requirements to allow scientists to conduct research on CBD. Today, many people get CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is misleading and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change as there is currently a cross-party consensus in Congress that the cultivation of cannabis should be legal, which would make it difficult in all respects to ban CBD.

Evidence for the health benefits ofcannabidiol

CBDis being touted for a wide variety of health problems, but the strongest scientific evidence shows its effectiveness in treating some of the most cruel syndromes of childhood epilepsy, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which usually do not respond to anticonvulsants. In many studies, CBD has been able to reduce the number of seizures and in some cases it has been able to stop them altogether. Videos showing the effects of CBD on these children and their seizures are readily available online for viewing and are quite striking. More recently, the FDA approved the first-ever drug for these conditions, Epidiolex, which contains CBD.

CBD is commonly used to treat anxiety, and research suggests that for insomnia patients, CBD may help both fall asleep and stay asleep.

CBD may offer a treatment option for various types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain found that using an animal model, CBD applied to the skin can help reduce pain and inflammation caused by arthritis. Another study showed the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More human research in this area is needed to substantiate the claims of CBD advocates for pain control.

Is cannabidiol safe?

CBD side effects include nausea, fatigue, and irritability. CBD can increase blood-thinning coumadin levels, and it can also raise blood levels of some other drugs through the same mechanism as grapefruit juice. A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is marketed and marketed primarily as a supplement, not a drug. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So you cannot be sure that the product you are buying contains the active ingredients in the dose stated on the label. In addition, the product may contain other (unknown) elements. We also do not know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any disease.

Cannabidiol Conclusion

Some CBD producers have come under government scrutiny due to wild, untenable claims like CBD being a cure for everything it is not. We need more research, but CBD may prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies, we cannot determine effective dosages, and since CBD is mostly available today as an unregulated supplement, it is difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you do decide to try CBD, talk to your healthcare provider – if only to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking.



CBD- what is it, how does it work and where to buy?

The properties of cannabis have been known to people since antiquity. From the beginning of the world, this plant has been used in the fight against many ailments. Cannabis does not contain the narcotic substance THC, which can be found, for example, in marijuana. Therefore, we cannot become addicted to them. What is worth knowing about CBD?

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one of about 8 compounds we call cannabinoids. It is also one of the 480 substances found in cannabis. Among all these substances, CBD and THC are the most concentrated, which is why they are the most popular.

CBD is a completely legal and very important medically active substance that has a wide spectrum of activity in marijuana and hemp. It is CBD that has the strongest health benefits in cannabis. CBD oil, which is made from hemp, is not psychoactive, so we can confidently use it as a therapeutic agent. We must also mention that it does not cause any side effects, is not addictive and is not intoxicating.

What is CBD characterized by?

As you can imagine, CBD has many different uses. What kind?

  • Antioxidant. It significantly slows down the aging process of tissues and cells, reduces oxidative stress, and protects, for example, against free radicals;
  • Pain relief. It soothes and relieves both external and internal pain;
  • Neuroactive and neuroprotective. It fights mental disorders and stimulates the nervous system;
  • Anti-cancer. It destroys and attacks cancer cells and stops their development;
  • Antifungal. Does not allow fungal diseases to develop;
  • Antiemetic. It reduces vomiting or any nausea;
  • Anti-inflammatory. It inhibits all inflammatory processes and fights them;
  • Immunological. It stimulates the natural immunity of our body to work;
  • Antiallergic. Eliminates allergy symptoms;
  • Dermatological. It fights skin diseases and speeds up wound healing.

How does CBD work and where to buy it?

CBD stimulates nerve cells, thanks to which it regulates and harmonizes the processes that take place in our body. It is also responsible for the normal course of normal physiological processes, including thirst, appetite, memory, movement and sleep. Which CBD store to choose?  It is a company that has been distributing CBD for a long time and can boast of many satisfied customers, so it is really worth taking advantage of its offer.



What does CBD treat?

CBD is a substance that is gaining popularity. Currently, it is used for many common ailments – such as the treatment of acne lesions. When else is it worth reaching for CBD? Is it even worth reaching for? What does CBD treat? About it in our article – we encourage you to read.

CBD – what is it?

First of all, it should be emphasized that CBD is a fully legal active substance of hemp and medical marijuana that has many uses. According to research, CBD is the only hemp ingredient that has the strongest health properties, and is therefore becoming more and more popular. CBD oil is not psychoactive and can therefore be used as a therapeutic agent. Moreover, cannabidiol does not cause side effects, is not addictive or intoxicating.

CBD and its therapeutic properties – what is worth knowing about them?

CBD has neuroactive and neuroprotective properties, thanks to which it fights both mental and neurodegenerative disorders, stimulates the nervous system, counteracts and prevents neurodegeneration, regenerates nerve cells in the body, and also has a relaxing and antispastic effect. The substance of CBD is also used in people with oncological diseases, which is due to the fact that CBD exhibits anti-cancer properties – it attacks and destroys cancer cells. In addition, it has antioxidant and immunological properties – it stimulates the body’s natural immunity, antibacterial, anti-allergic, antiemetic and dermatological.

According to research, the substance CBD also exhibits anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which is why CBD oil is becoming more and more popular. CBD is also used by more and more people struggling with drugs or depression. And all this is due to the fact that CBD also has antipsychotic properties, i.e. it cleans and refreshes the mind, eliminates anxiety, calms and calms down.


When is it worth reaching for CBD?

CBD is very helpful in treating many ailments and diseases. It is not a psychoactive substance and therefore has many medicinal uses. There are many different CBD products available on the market that are the best answer to most diseases of civilization and neurology.

CBD should be used especially by people struggling with cancer, autism, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Lyme disease, depression, addictions, anxiety, atma, glaucoma, RA, atherosclerosis, anorexia, allergy, stress and many others.

It is worth choosing natural CBD over synthetic conventional agents, because it has no side effects. In addition, CBD is highly appreciated by doctors and patients, and this is the best proof that CBD is worth choosing.


At the end, a few words of summary will be useful. As we can see above, CBD is used in the treatment of many diseases. In addition, CBD can be used prophylactically. It’s also worth noting that CBD is available in many forms – including in liquid or paste form, so everyone will surely find something for themselves, for example in the assortment of the Swiss CBD producer at 



Comprehensive Effects Of CBD Oil

Contemporary people are exposed to many unfavorable phenomena that are related to the very dynamic lifestyle that these people often lead. The excess of household and professional duties makes people feel tired, weary and overwhelmed with their lives, which usually lack the time and desire for any social life. This can result in depression, stress, various types of anxiety, as well as extremely painful migraines. All these diseases can significantly make human life difficult, so it is worth counteracting them and applying appropriate measures to reduce the negative changes they bring. CBD oil containing non-psychoactive cannabidiol has a strong pro-health effect, therefore it is an excellent legal alternative to marijuana, effective against all pain and anxiety conditions. Even long-term use of this oil does not cause any negative side effects, which significantly increases the attractiveness of this product, placing it high on the list of very effective and effective remedies for all types of pain and ailments.

Fighting civilization diseases such as insomnia and stress thanks to cbd oils

Most people with an active lifestyle and everyone experiencing everyday stress at work know how much of a nuisance sleepless nights are. Lack of sleep is associated with many unpleasant ailments for the body, such as irritability, discomfort and extreme fatigue, not only physical, but also mental. The ideal solution for such overworked and stressed people is cbd oil, which makes it easier to fall asleep and relax frustrated people. Even prolonged and excessive use of this drug does not cause any unpleasant effects for humans, but only increases their susceptibility to sleep and increases fatigue, which for people struggling with insomnia is an excellent recipe for quick and comfortable falling asleep, which can be checked here.

Tough fight against cancer

Those who use cbd oil appreciate it for its unique properties that alleviate all pain ailments that people suffering from cancer have to face every day. Research shows that bcd oil is effective in dealing with cancer cells, preventing them from growing and destroying existing ones. Anti-cancer therapy is much more successful when such oil is included in it, because it effectively reduces pain associated with chemotherapy and increases the appetite, which it is very important for people suffering from cancer.

CBD oil not only for pain conditions

Many young people associate adolescence not only with rebellion and freedom, but also the deteriorating condition of the skin of the face, arms and back. Young people suffering from acne experience this difficult time very badly, which often results in low self-esteem and social isolation. Pimples appearing on the skin very often leave unsightly and unsightly scars, which are extremely difficult and require a long time to heal. Acne is mainly the bane of young people, but more and more often it also affects adults and fully matured people. CBD oil has spectacular effects, reducing oily skin and unblocking sebaceous glands, making the skin of the face and body look healthy and radiant. Systematic rubbing of the skin with such oil visibly improves the condition of the skin, making it smooth and perfectly clean.

CBD oil – specificity for all types of ailments

Almost every person is struggling with some pain, thus feeling discomfort and depressed mood. The use of cbd oil significantly improves the functioning of such people, because it eliminates pain like no other, allowing you to enjoy the surrounding reality. CBD oil greatly improves concentration and memory, and also strengthens the immune system. People suffering from a cigarette addiction also feel a great relief when taking cbd oil, because its action allows you to get rid of extremely difficult to bear ailments faced by those who want to get rid of this unpleasant addiction, which can be read on 


CBD oil is an effective product for many different ailments that await people. Unbearable headaches, migraines or depressive states become only a shameful past when cbd oil appears. It also copes with the oily skin of the face and the resulting numerous imperfections. It is worth reaching for this specificity, because its operation is extremely versatile, thanks to which almost every person can enjoy its exceptional usefulness and spectacular effects.



Benefits of using medical marijuana

Medicine in recent years focuses on unconventional solutions. One of them is the authorization (recently in Poland) for the use of medicinal marijuana. It is therefore important to distinguish between two different products – medical marijuana differs significantly from the popular cannabis „twists”.

Cannabis treatment – cannabinoids

Theoretically, the end of November 2017 brought interesting information about the possibility of using cannabinoid-rich cannabis for medicinal purposes. This does not mean that marijuana is available at every pharmacy and that you only need an appropriate prescription to obtain it. The method of growing a plant intended for the pharmaceutical market is significant here. Medicinal products are manufactured according to strict standards and the quality of cannabis is checked before being placed on the market. This means full quantitative and qualitative control of products and for patients greater safety during use.

The plant species plays an equally important role in whether or not such a substance is legally marketed. And there are over a hundred of them. It determines what specific cannabinoids and in what amount are in the ready-to-use product.

THC is not the same as CBD

What is the difference between THC and CBD? In our country, the most information can be found on THC (the popular name of an organic chemical compound with a sonorous name Tetrahydrocannabinol). It is this substance that is found in illegally grown cannabis. It has a strong psychoactive effect, while making the user very addictive. It influences the perception of the environment. Manufacturing, possession and sale are strictly prohibited in Poland. You cannot drive while under the influence of THC, as drug tests cope with its detection.

Due to the undesirable effects, even in the case of any therapeutic properties, use for therapeutic purposes is not recommended.

It is different with CBD – which, as one of the few cannabinoids, does not lead to addiction. The use of this substance (the name CBD means the same as Cannabidiol) helps in the treatment of many diseases related not only to the nervous system. It is a separated organic compound from cannabis (similar to THC), and taking drugs based on it, while not becoming addictive, puts it in a very good light.

Chemical structure of cannabidiolcannabidiol

Healing properties of(CBD) The

isolated cannabinoid can replace the painkillers available on the market. All indications are that by acting as an analgesic, it does not have many side effects – so it is a very good solution for people who do not tolerate the usual agents such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. People who experience convulsions in their everyday life (which can be associated with many diseases) will also experience a lot of relief.

The greatest impact of using a drug based on medicinal cannabis is noticeable when observing the patient’s nervous system. Patients with epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can see a method of effective treatment in cannabidiol. This is because this substance protects the nervous system (also against fatigue and stress) and has antipsychotic properties.

What addictions are treated with medical marijuana?

Medicinal cannabis helps in treating people addicted to heroin, cocaine and alcohol. The reason why CBD is used in such cases is to reduce cravings for drugs or alcohol. Patients undergoing such therapy deal more easily with the situations that most often accompany addicts. It is only possible to reduce such hunger by administering Cannabidiol, as THC exhibits addictive properties.

The production of medicinal marijuana requires meeting appropriate standards and requirements.

CBD as an Antioxidant

Medical marijuana has proven successful as an antioxidant and helps remove free radicals from the patient’s body. This means that it is able to cope with the aging of the body as well as diseases related to the action of free radicals in our body.

Does this mean cannabis legalization?

No, the use of medical marijuana (in the form of CBD) does not mean that anyone can make cannabis-based products without proper government approvals. Trade in such products is invariably treated as drug trafficking and may result in imprisonment. Therefore, you should follow the news on marijuana so as not to face unpleasant consequences.



What does CBD oil have to do with the endocannabinoid system?

Nowadays, more and more is said about the beneficial properties of CBD. However, a large proportion of people are still not fully aware of what CBD is, how it works, and how important it is for the endocannabinoid system.

What is CBD?

CBD is one of the most famous compounds found in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD (cannabidiol) does not cause intoxication because it is not a psychoactive compound. What’s more, it has many health-promoting properties. It has anti-cancer properties, soothes inflammation, helps fight depression and even calms down anxiety. The market offers many products with CBD content, e.g. ointments, CBD oil or dried fruit. They are completely legal and safe.

The endocannabinoid

system The endocannabinoid system is a system that was discovered in 1992. It integrates the physiological functions of the body related to its response to injuries and diseases, and restores / maintains mental states such as emotional balance, a sense of well-being or the state of homeostasis (harmonious cooperation of systems and organs in the human body). In addition, the endocannabinoid system significantly contributes to the proper functioning of, among others, the immune system, concentration, focus, the digestive system and the nervous system. It supports the maintenance of normal blood pressure and body temperature.


Endocannabinoids are molecules produced by the human body to stimulate the work of the receptors of the endocannabinoid system described above. There are several types of endocannabinoids, but among them there are two of the most basic and most familiar to man: anandamide and 2-AG. 

CBD and the endocannabinoid system

The above-mentioned endocannabinoids stimulate the work of receptors, such as PPARs. GPR55 and TRPV1. These are quite important because CBD can bind to them. 

By producing endocannabinoids, it is possible to maintain homeostasis in the body, i.e. the state of balance and balance of all vital physiological functions. The plant cannabinoids contained, among others, in CBD are ideal, the closest closest to the human body’s „substitutes” for endocannabinoids. In a situation where the body is unable to produce enough of them, it is worth reaching for artificial supplementation with CBD ointment, CBD dried fruit, or the most popular product – CBD oil, to maintain the correct amount of these compounds.

CBD, despite the reluctance of a large part of society, is important for the human body. Supports proper functioning and regulates well-being. It is completely safe, non-psychoactive and available on an increasing scale, so it is worth taking a closer look and supplementing it if necessary. 



Medical marijuana in the fight for health

More and more often we are convinced of the rightness of returning to nature in the treatment of diseases. We are looking for plants that could help us. The herbalist profession is on top again. It is him that we turn to for help when we are afraid of taking traditional chemical drugs. We are concerned about all these undesirable side effects they can bring.

Hemp oil is a panacea for health

Panacea is a medicine for all possible diseases. Medics have been looking for such a specificity since the beginning of human history. There are many versatile herbs and it is worth reaching for them. Since it has been proven that hemp oil is an excellent medicine for a number of diseases or an adjunct in the treatment of e.g. cancer, its demand has increased. Medical marijuana is made from the seeds and dried hemp seeds. We don’t smoke hemp, we squeeze the oil out of it. It must be cold pressed.

The most important ingredient is obtained from this oil, which has an impact on the recovery of even people who are currently severely or chronically ill. It is CBD, the so-called cannabidiol and does not cause intoxication and is not addictive. Additionally, it heals wonderfully. Medical marijuana has nothing to do with one that causes addiction and disrupts brain processes.

Are you sure this is a cure for everything?

Years of research are needed to determine if a substance really treats all possible conditions. So far it has been established that marijuana closed in a capsule is great for treating epilepsy, neuroses (strong anxiety), depression, psychosis and, interestingly, it can get an addicted drug addict, smoker, alcoholic, drug addict out of addiction. Certainly, the use of CBD improves the mood and willingness to live, and these are two basic conditions for the patient to fight the disease. Hence, it can be concluded that this specificity heals all diseases.

oil Medical marijuana is used not only in humans. It can also be given to pets. There are specially measured doses for them, so we will be able to safely administer the oil to a dog or cat. If we go on a journey with our pet, we give him a few drops of this specificity. Then the animal is calm, not afraid and it will endure this journey better.

Where to buy and for how much?

Since hemp products are legal in Poland, we can easily get oil and other hemp products in stationary health food stores, at points located in supermarkets. Medical marijuana is also available online. Prices vary depending on the percentage of cannabol in the product and its size. From several zlotys to over 100 zlotys.



Does marijuana really affect memory? Here’s what thestudies are saying now

use of cannabis has long been associated with memory loss. But so far this view has been largely anecdotal. As scientists begin to look at cannabis and its effects on human health, they begin to better understand its effects on the human brain – and whether marijuana really weakens memory.

Memory is divided into short-term and long-term memory. Short-term memory stores immediate events temporarily, while long-term memory stores information indefinitely.

Current evidence shows that cannabis intoxication can temporarily alter or disrupt short-term memory processing. This appears to be due to compounds in the cannabis plant that interfere with neuronal signaling when they bind to memory receptors in the brain. Interrupted short-term memory can actually affect learning, as well as cause loss of interest or trouble concentrating.

However, early research also shows that cannabis may have a positive effect on neurodegenerative diseases that affect memory, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and epilepsy. Mainly in animal studies, when scientists used ingredients found in cannabis, they found that it could slow down or even prevent the progression of these diseases – mainly by creating neurons.

The apparently paradoxical effects of the same drug are best explained by two chemicals found in cannabis. Namely delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinoids (CBD). We all have naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors in our brains. THC is able to bind effectively to these receptors, creating a euphoric effect. However, CBD can interfere with this binding process, which suppresses the feeling of euphoria.

Different ratios of these two chemicals exist in different types of cannabis. Consuming a cannabis product with THC but no CBD increases your risk of developing mental health issues like psychosis. However, CBD can actually be used to treat psychosis.

Cannabis with higher levels of THC and less or negligible amounts of CBD appears to have a detrimental effect on short-term memory, especially in adolescents. The main problem is their ability to retain and recall information. Fortunately, this is not permanent.

However, these recent discoveries regarding the role of THC and CBD in cannabis show that we can no longer simply say that cannabis itself causes psychosis or is harmful to memory. Rather, it may be the type of cannabis and the compounds it contains that may have specific risks or benefits.

And while there is no doubt that some people who use cannabis experience impaired memory, establishing that cannabis is the cause is difficult. One of the reasons is that it’s hard to rule out the effects of other medications people may have been taking – and whether those medications contributed to memory impairment. For example, alcohol abuse can also cause brain damage and memory loss. Another obvious problem when researching this issue is asking people with memory impairment to recall their previous drug use and related problems. Their ability to recall these details may be compromised.

Recent research even suggests that any memory impairment related to cannabis use can be reversed when people stop using cannabis. This effect was mainly seen in people who used cannabis at least once a week.

Just as higher doses of alcohol can potentially cause brain damage, higher doses or more frequent use of cannabis can also cause long-term memory problems – for example, the ability to learn effectively and the ability to concentrate on the task at hand. Some people will use both alcohol and cannabis, often at the same time, which can worsen any potential memory effects.

New research also suggests that cannabis, not alcohol, is responsible for the damage to teenagers’ developing brains. Alcohol is known to destroy or severely damage the brain’s neurons and their signaling functions. But this study found that marijuana actually alters the neuronal brain tissue responsible for memory. are you not sure if this and the last sentence agree with the first sentence? But this change can be undone in a matter of weeks if the person abstains. Although research suggests that fewer young people use both cannabis and alcohol, teens who use cannabis use it twice as often and more often than adults. twice as often and more?

Research shows that young, frequent cannabis users have thinner temporal and frontal cortexes, which are memory enhancing areas. Memory is a key aid to learning and learning – but marijuana not only affects memory, it can also reduce your motivation to learn. This dual influence limits the young person’s commitment to education and his ability to act.

However, use of cannabis later in life (ages 50 and over) appears to have only moderate effects on cognitive functioning, including memory. These modest declines are not fully understood and there is a lack of high-quality research in this area. This will require a change as not only young people are using cannabis. As more and more countries legalize marijuana, older people may also want to try it.

While it likely won’t hurt a person’s memory if they experiment with cannabis, current research seems to agree that the more it is used, the greater the risk. While scientists are still unaware of cannabis use by heart, current evidence suggests that any memory impairment can be reversed if a person refrains from using it.



CDB may lead to full remission of seizures

Ungrateful and unpredictable – this is epilepsy that can have various causes and causes. It is also an unfair fact that its beginning very often begins at a young age, affecting children with the disease. Drug-resistant seizures are a common symptom, but the pathophysiology of this disease is still unknown.


Coming unexpectedly, epilepsy for a young person is a huge shock that changes her life. The cause of the seizure should be consulted by a doctor as soon as possible, in a hospital setting. Although pharmacology has made great strides towards access to antiepileptic drugs, it remains a significant problem that it remains unknown which drug may lead to disease remission. Hence, access to a wide variety of molecules for small patients would be a necessity. Therefore, only anticonvulsants are still circulating in the medical circulation, not those targeting the problem.


Due to the policy of the Polish state, it is impossible to conduct research on cannabis-based drugs, so those interested still have to rely on the experience of foreign laboratories. Fortunately, these are very active on the topic of CBD in terms of the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy, and keep coming up with new conclusions that turn out to be a way to fight the disease.


Research conducted by the International Association for Cannabis as Medicine Congress in the Netherlands shows that a group of children showing symptoms of drug-resistant epilepsy, including Dravet’s syndrome, Doose’s syndrome and LGS syndrome, after systematic use of CBD, showed:


– no negative side effects that would necessitate the discontinuation of CBD treatment,

– improved awareness and spasticity,

– encouraging signals, especially among severely ill patients,

– improved health of around 25%.


Based on the research carried out, specialists concluded that only a CBD pharmaceutical preparation that would meet the FDA requirements in terms of standardization and quality control would be an ideal measure that would support the treatment of children. Moreover, the thesis put forward by experts was that urgent placebo trials were needed to ensure the effectiveness and safety of CBD.


Based on the conclusions and recommendations of specialists involved in patenting CBD in the treatment of children, the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended the first cannabinoid product that may be a chance for the youngest patients.

After completing the required testing process, the FDA has approved hemp oil which is a precondition of being derived from the marijuana plant and which will be 99% pure after final treatment.


The drug itself is different from marijuana because it does not contain THC, which are recreational and stimulant drugs that cause intoxication. The discovery of specialists confirms the theory put forward for years that CBD can lead to a complete remission of epileptic seizures, and for patients and their parents it can mean relief from unannounced seizures that are a torment in the lives of young patients.