What are terpenes in hemp and CBD oil?
The psychoactive cannabinoids contained in certain species of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) have long been in the spotlight, but the rich and complex world of chemicals is right under our noses – unused and irreplaceable. Nowhere is this more obvious than with terpenes. Terpenes, of which over 140 types are found naturally in various cannabis plants, are extremely beneficial. They can be found in many cultivated plant species such as hops, lavender, lemon peel, cinnamon and peppermint.
Terpenes are essential oils that do not have a psychoactive effect and do not belong to the cannabinoid group. However, they are secreted by trichomes – the same resin glands that are responsible for the production of cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids. Terpenes are known, first of all, for their distinct, recognizable aromas. The most expressive fragrances are given by the pollen-free female hemp flowers, the vast spectrum of which is contained in the trichomes.
Like cannabidiol (CBD), terpenes are often underestimated in the presence of psychoactive cannabinoids. Today, however, an increasing number of scientists are realizing how important terpenes themselves are, as well as their combined action with other chemicals. Terpenes have been scientifically proven to provide positive, synergistic effects when combined with other cannabinoids. The material titled „The Entourage Effect” explains that cannabinoids are not as effective when isolated as they do when they act in conjunction with other important chemicals. They have been shown to both interact directly and enhance the therapeutic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids.
Knowing the beneficial effects of terpenes on the human body, it is no surprise that they are also essential to the protection of the cannabis plants themselves. Terpenes act as natural defense systems that attract pollinators, but protect against pests and bacteria while protecting against environmental stressors. Accordingly, some terpenes are harvested for use as all-natural insecticides and for use in other pest control methods.
Terpenes, terpenoids, flavonoids
Despite their similarity, terpenes and terpenoids differ greatly, while terpenes to simple hydrocarbons, terpenoids are more complex chemical compounds and are formed by modification and oxidation. Both terpenes and terpenoids show differences from flavonoids – similar aromatic chemicals contained in fewer cannabis varieties.
terpenes The spectrum of terpenes in cannabis is broad. Each type occurs in a different concentration and with a different frequency, and they can be very volatile. Basically, terpenes have a direct impact on the effectiveness of cannabis-based supplements and medical marijuana treatments, making it even more important to undertake more cannabis research. From so many types of them, we have prepared an elaboration of the three most common ones that are used in a wide range.
Limonene is one of the terpenes with the most pronounced aroma and a pleasant citrus aroma. This terpene is believed to have potent antifungal properties that are used in natural supplements. Limonene is commonly used in conjunction with other terpenes to increase their level of absorption.
Pinene is a two-ring terpene partially composed of a monocyclic terpene called limonene. As its name suggests, it gives off a pine scent and is found in pines, firs and other conifers. Pinene is sourced and used for its anti-inflammatory properties. Several other terpenes also give hope in this regard.
Miceren terpene is most abundant in the hemp seed, which has an earthy odor with musky notes and clove. Miceren has anti-inflammatory properties and can be used as a pain reliever. In addition, research has been conducted on its use during treatment and ulcer reduction.